Specific irish dating
The island's geography comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland.
The island has lush vegetation, a product of its mild but changeable climate which is free of extremes in temperature.
In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century.
With the Acts of Union in 1801, Ireland became a part of the United Kingdom.
Following the Norman invasion in the 12th century, England claimed sovereignty over Ireland.
However, English rule did not extend over the whole island until the 16th–17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain.
In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the United Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as part of it, did the same.A war of independence in the early 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish Free State, which became increasingly sovereign over the following decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the United Kingdom.Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. For the sovereign state of the same name, see Republic of Ireland.For the part of the United Kingdom, see Northern Ireland.